Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Công Nghệ Thông Tin (Technology)

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Chủ đề Công Nghệ Thông Tin (Technology) là một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc xuất hiện thường xuyên trong các bài thi IELTS đặc biệt trong kỹ năng Speaking và Writing. Đây là chủ đề rất quan trọng trong thời kỳ công nghệ hoá, hiện đại hoá, song song với sự phát triển nhanh chóng của kỹ thuật số và mạng xã hội như hiện nay, công nghệ dần trở thành người bạn “đồng hành thân thiết” trong cuộc sống chúng ta. Thuần thục vốn từ vựng ngoại ngữ về chủ đề công nghệ (technology) là chìa khóa quan trọng giúp bạn hoàn thành tốt bài thi của mình và thêm điểm cộng từ phía ban giám khảo. 

1. Từ vựng tiếng anh chủ đề Công Nghệ (Technology) cho bài thi IELTS: 

a) Công nghệ không gian mạng: 

Abstraction (trừu tượng): At a higher level or layer than something 

Example: The text appears above the image on the…

Applicable (áp dụng): Relevant and appropriate 

Example: The principles of math are applicable in…

Anonymous (vô danh): Nameless, unidentified

Example: The anonymous function in Python can be…

Arithmetic (số học): Calculation or computation

Example: The computer can perform arithmetic…

Automated (tự động hoá): Performed by a machine or computer without human intervention

Bug (lỗi): An error or flaw in a computer program 

Example: The developer fixed the bug in the software 

Browser (trình duyệt): Web browser 

Example: I use Google Chrome as my web browser 

Boundary (ranh giới): The edge or limit of something 

Example: In image processing, the boundary of an….

Cyber (mạng): Relating to or characteristic of the culture of computers, information technology and virtual reality…

Computerisation (tin học hoá): The adaptation of a system, device, etc. to be operated by computer. 

Example: New technologies like the…

b) Trí tuệ nhân tạo: 

Artificial Intelligence (trí tuệ nhân tạo): the imagination of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. 

Example: Apple’s Siri is the product of artificial intelligence. 

Augmented Reality (tương tác thực tế ảo): Allow digital images and information to be displayed onto the physical environment. 

Example: The use of AR has become common in the medical industry, which allows users to see highly detailed, 3D images of different body systems when they hover their mobile device over a target image. 

Virtual Reality (thực tế ảo): Using pose tracking and 3D near-eye displays to give the user an immersive feel of a virtual world.

Example: 3D movies 

2) Collocation về chủ đề công nghệ (Technology) hữu ích cho bài thi IELTS:

Constant/continuous advancement of technology: sự phát triển liên tục của công nghệ

Example: Living standards have improved significantly over the past decades thanks to the continuous advancement of technology.

Be replaced by automation: (cái gì đó) bị thay thế bởi tự động hóa

Example: Some parts of the human workforce will soon be replaced by automation, especially the repeatable tasks such as packaging or storage control.

Addicted to something (social media/the Internet/computer games): Sự nghiện mạng xã hội/internet/game máy tính

Example: Children addicted to the internet will show behaviors of increased aggressiveness and irritability, as well as loss of sleep and depression.

Keep up to date with technology: cập nhật với xu hướng công nghệ

Example: As technology has now become a central pillar of business, it is critical that companies keep up to date with the constant changes in technology.

Overdependence on technology: sự phụ thuộc quá nhiều vào công nghệ

Example: There are certain benefits from workplace automation, such as greater efficiency and freeing up the human workforce to be more creative, but overdependence on these technologies could be detrimental.

Enhance the productivity of something: nâng cao năng suất của cái gì đó

Example: Technology can greatly enhance the productivity of businesses, as it allows for more effective communication, as well as enables the automation of manual tasks and promotes higher-value work.

3) Idioms về chủ đề Công Nghệ (Technology) hữu ích cho bài thi IELTS:

Bells and whistles: đồ dùng, thiết bị – dùng để nói về chiếc điện thoại hoặc máy tính với nhiều tiện ích cho người dùng 

Example: I bought this one yesterday, this costs about $3000, but it has all the bells and whistles as well. 

Blow a fuse: Thành ngữ này dùng trong các tình huống dành cho các thiết bị khi chúng ngừng hoạt động.

Example: In the technology world, when something blows a fuse it means that suddenly it stops working.

On the cutting edge: thiết bị/quy trình/ sản phẩm hiện đại và tiên tiến nhất

Example: His teaching process is on the cutting edge. This new computer is cutting edge technology. 

4) Writing IELTS part 2 về chủ đề Công Nghệ (Technology): 

In today’s fast-paced world, technology has become an integral part of our lives. It has revolutionized various aspects of society, including education, and productivity. While some argue that technology has brought more harm than good, I believe that its positive impact on society outweighs the negative aspects. 

Firstly, technology has revolutionized the field of education. Students now have access to a vast array of educational resources online, allowing them to learn at their own pace and explore topics of interest beyond the confines of traditional classrooms via E-learning platforms. Additionally, technology has facilitated interactive learning experiences through multimedia tools and virtual simulations, making education more engaging and effective. Secondly, technology has significantly increased productivity in various sectors. Automation and digitalization have streamlined business processes, reducing manual labor and improving efficiency. With the help of sophisticated software and tools, professionals can accomplish tasks more quickly and accurately. This has not only boosted economic growth but also freed up time for individuals to pursue creative endeavors or spend quality time with their loved ones.

On the other hand, some argue that technology has led to negative consequences in society. Increased screen time and social isolation, as well as concerns about data privacy and cybersecurity, should not overshadow its numerous benefits. Striking a balance between technology use and a healthy lifestyle is crucial. Setting limits on screen time and practicing responsible technology usage can help individuals mitigate these negative effects. Furthermore, advancements in data encryption and cybersecurity measures can safeguard personal information and create a safer online environment. 

In conclusion, technology has had a profound impact on society, revolutionizing education, and productivity. Despite some valid concerns, the positive effects of technology are undeniable. By harnessing its potential responsibly, we can continue to benefit from the advancements it offers and shape a better future for all.

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