Nếu bạn đang chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi IELTS, bạn đã biết rằng từ vựng là một phần quan trọng trong việc đạt được điểm số cao. Trong bài viết này, chúng tôi sẽ cung cấp cho bạn một số từ vựng IELTS chủ đề du lịch, giúp bạn nâng cao kỹ năng giao tiếp của mình và chuẩn bị tốt cho phần thi Speaking và Writing.
1. Điểm đến (Destinations)
Exotic: Kỳ quan tự nhiên
Example: The Maldives is known for its exotic beauty.
Breathtaking: Hấp dẫn, đẹp mắt
Example: The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely breathtaking.
Picturesque: Thơ mộng, đẹp như tranh
Example: We visited a picturesque village nestled in the countryside.
Remote: Xa xôi, hẻo lánh
Example: The remote island was a perfect getaway from the bustling city.
Vibrant: Sống động, năng động
Example: The vibrant city of Tokyo offers a unique blend of tradition and modernity.
2. Các loại hình du lịch (Types of Travel)
Backpacking: Du lịch bụi, tự túc
Example: Backpacking through Europe allowed me to explore different cultures on a budget.
Sightseeing: Tham quan, ngắm cảnh
Example: We went sightseeing in Paris and visited famous landmarks like the Eiffel Tower.
Adventure: Phiêu lưu mạo hiểm
Example: My friend enjoys adventure travel and has gone skydiving and bungee jumping.
Cultural: Du lịch văn hóa
Example: Exploring the local traditions and customs is a key aspect of cultural tourism.
Ecotourism: Du lịch sinh thái
Example: Ecotourism promotes responsible travel and conservation of natural environments.
3. Hoạt động du lịch (Travel Activities)
Explore: Khám phá
Example: We spent the day exploring the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu.
Trekking: Leo núi, đi bộ đường dài
Example: Trekking through the Himalayas was a challenging but rewarding experience.
Snorkeling: Lặn với ống thở
Example: Snorkeling in the crystal-clear waters of the Caribbean was a highlight of our trip.
Wander: Lang thang
Example: We decided to wander through the narrow streets of the old town and discover hidden gems.
Capture: Chụp ảnh
Example: I always make sure to capture beautiful moments with my camera while traveling.
4. Phương tiện giao thông (Means of Transportation)
Airplane: Máy bay
Example: We took a long-haul flight from New York to Sydney.
Train: Tàu hỏa
Example: The train ride from London to Edinburgh was scenic and comfortable.
Bus: Xe buýt
Example: We caught a bus to explore the city’s attractions.
Example: The ferry took us across the harbor to the nearby island.
Car rental: Thuê xe
Example: Renting a car is a convenient way to explore the countryside at your own pace.
5. Tài liệu du lịch (Travel Documents)
Passport: Hộ chiếu
Example: Don’t forget to bring your passport when you travel abroad.
Visa: Thị thực
Example: Make sure to apply for a visa before your trip to avoid any complications.
Itinerary: Lịch trình
Example: Plan your itinerary in advance to make the most of your time.
Boarding pass: Thẻ lên máy bay
Example: Remember to keep your boarding pass handy for check-in and security checks.
Travel insurance: Bảo hiểm du lịch
Example: Travel insurance provides peace of mind in case of any unforeseen circumstances.
6. Tài liệu du lịch (Travel Documents)
Pollute/contaminate environment (Làm ô nhiễm môi trường):
Example: Industrial waste from factories often pollutes rivers and contaminates the environment.
Illegally exploit its ecological traits for individual benefits (Khai thác hệ sinh thái một cách hợp pháp nhằm phục vụ các lợi ích cá nhân):
Example: Some individuals illegally exploit the ecological traits of protected forests to profit from timber and rare species.
Triggers the loss of traditional culture (Làm phai mờ bản sắc văn hóa địa phương):
Example: Rapid urbanization and the influx of Western influences often trigger the loss of traditional culture in indigenous communities.
To threaten wildlife (Đe dọa môi trường hoang dã):
Example: Deforestation poses a significant threat to wildlife habitats, endangering the survival of many species.
Destroy natural habitats (Phá hủy môi trường sống tự nhiên):
Example: The construction of dams often leads to the destruction of natural habitats for various aquatic species.
7. Khách sạn (Travel Documents)
Accommodation: Chỗ ở
Example: The hotel offers comfortable accommodation for guests visiting the city.
Reservation: Đặt phòng
Example: I made a reservation at the hotel for two nights during my vacation.
Check-in: Nhận phòng
Example: We arrived at the hotel and completed the check-in process at the reception.
Check-out: Trả phòng
Example: Don’t forget to check-out before noon to avoid any additional charges.
Amenities: Tiện nghi
Example: The hotel provides excellent amenities such as a swimming pool and a fitness center.
8. Món ăn địa phương (Local Cuisine)
Delicious: Thơm ngon
Example: We had a delicious meal at the local restaurant, with flavors that were truly mouthwatering.
Example: Be careful if you don’t enjoy spicy food, as the local cuisine can be quite hot.
Authentic: Chính hiệu
Example: I highly recommend trying the authentic dishes prepared by the local chefs.
Street food: Đồ ăn vỉa hè
Example: Exploring the street food stalls is a great way to experience the local culinary delights.
Exquisite: Tinh tế
Example: The restaurant is known for its exquisite presentation and unique fusion of flavors.
9. Trạng thái thời tiết (Weather Conditions)
Cloudy: Âm u
Windy: Gió mạnh
Humid: Ẩm ướt
- Địa điểm du lịch phổ biến (Popular Tourist Attractions):
- Landmark: Điểm đến nổi tiếng
- Historical sites: Di tích lịch sử
- Beach resorts: Khu nghỉ dưỡng ven biển
- National parks: Công viên quốc gia
- Theme parks: Công viên giải trí
- Cảnh quan (Scenery):
- Mountain range: Dãy núi
- Waterfall: Thác nước
- Desert: Sa mạc
- Coastline: Bờ biển
- Forest: Rừng
- Địa điểm mua sắm (Shopping Destinations):
- Market: Chợ
- Boutique: Cửa hàng thời trang nhỏ
- Mall: Trung tâm mua sắm
- Souvenir shop: Cửa hàng lưu niệm
- Duty-free shop: Cửa hàng miễn thuế
- Đồ dùng du lịch (Travel Essentials):
- Luggage: Hành lý
- Backpack: Ba lô
- Travel adapter: Bộ chuyển đổi nguồn điện
- Travel pillow: Gối du lịch
- Portable charger: Sạc dự phòng
- Giao thông công cộng (Public Transportation):
- Subway: Xe điện ngầm
- Tram: Xe điện
- Taxi: Xe taxi
- Bicycle: Xe đạp
- Pedestrian: Người đi bộ
- Hành trang (Travel Preparation):
- Itinerary: Lịch trình
- Guidebook: Sách hướng dẫn du lịch
- Travel insurance: Bảo hiểm du lịch
- Currency exchange: Đổi tiền tệ
- Vaccination: Tiêm phòng
- Cách thức tham gia các tour du lịch (Joining Tours):
- Tour guide: Hướng dẫn viên du lịch
- Group tour: Tour nhóm
- Private tour: Tour riêng
- Sightseeing tour: Tour tham quan
- Adventure tour: Tour phiêu lưu
10. Ví dụ về câu hỏi chủ đề du lịch strong IELTS Speaking
Question 1: Do you enjoy traveling? Why or why not?
Sample Answer 1: Yes, I absolutely enjoy traveling. It provides me with the opportunity to explore new places, experience different cultures, and broaden my horizons. Traveling allows me to break away from my daily routine and immerse myself in unfamiliar environments, which I find incredibly exciting and rejuvenating.
Question 2: What is your favorite mode of transportation when you travel? Why?
Sample Answer 2: My favorite mode of transportation when I travel is by train. I find train journeys to be quite fascinating and relaxing. They offer scenic views of the landscapes, and I can sit comfortably, read a book, or simply gaze out the window while the train moves steadily. Moreover, trains often connect different cities and towns, allowing me to conveniently explore various destinations in a single trip.
Question 3: What is the most memorable trip you have ever taken? Why?
Sample Answer 3: The most unforgettable trip I have ever taken was to the Swiss Alps. The breathtaking mountain scenery, with its snow-capped peaks and picturesque valleys, left an indelible impression on me. I went hiking and skiing, and the adrenaline rush combined with the stunning natural beauty made it an unforgettable experience. The hospitality and warmth of the local people also added to the charm of the trip.
Question 4: What factors do you consider when choosing a travel destination?
Sample Answer 4: When choosing a travel destination, several factors come into play. Firstly, I consider the climate and weather conditions, as I prefer destinations with moderate temperatures. Secondly, the cultural and historical significance of a place is important to me. I enjoy exploring ancient landmarks, and museums, and experiencing local traditions. Lastly, I take into account the safety and accessibility of the destination, as it’s crucial to ensure a smooth and secure travel experience.
Question 5: What are the benefits of traveling?
Sample Answer 5: Traveling offers numerous benefits. Firstly, it broadens one’s perspective by exposing them to different cultures, traditions, and ways of life. This enhances understanding and fosters tolerance and empathy. Secondly, traveling allows individuals to break away from their daily routine and rejuvenate themselves mentally and physically. It provides an escape from stress and monotony. Lastly, traveling creates lasting memories and experiences that enrich one’s life and can be cherished for years to come.