Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề Nghề Nghiệp (Jobs)


Chắc hẳn ai ở độ tuổi trung học phổ thông cũng luôn băn khoăn không biết rằng bản thân thật sự muốn theo học ngành nào và làm công việc gì trong tương lai. Mỗi chúng ta, ai ai cũng đã từng ít nhất một lần tham gia các buổi hội thảo hướng nghiệp được tổ chức ở trường học hoặc trung tâm. Chủ đề nghề nghiệp vẫn luôn là chủ đề nhận được nhiều sự quan tâm từ phía học sinh, sinh viên, phụ huynh kể cả người đi làm. Vậy nên, chủ đề nghề nghiệp cũng thường xuyên xuất hiện trong đề thi IELTS và ôn luyện thật kỹ vốn từ vựng thuộc chủ đề này cũng là chìa khóa quan trọng giúp bạn đạt điểm cao trong kỳ thi sắp tới. 

1. Từ vựng phổ thông về nghề nghiệp:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
EmployeeNhân viênThe company hired several new employees to help with the increased workload.
EmployerNhà tuyển dụngIt’s crucial for employers to create a positive and supportive work environment.
Unemployment Thất nghiệp The economic downturn resulted in a rise in unemployment rates.
Occupation Nghề nghiệp My sister’s occupation is a nurse, and she finds it rewarding to care for others.
CareerSự nghiệp Choosing the right career path is an important decision that can impact one’s future.
Salary/WagesLươngThe company offers competitive salaries to attract top talent.
RetireNghỉ hưuRetirement planning is essential to ensure a comfortable life after leaving the workforce.
Resign/QuitNghỉ việc After much consideration, she made the difficult decision to resign from her current job.
FireSa thảiThe company had to fire several employees due to budget cuts.
VacancyVị trí còn trốngThere is a job vacancy in the marketing department that needs to be filled.
OvertimeLàm thêm giờ Due to the project deadline, they had to work overtime to complete the tasks.
ShiftCa làm việcThe company operates in three shifts to ensure round-the-clock production.

2. Lĩnh vực Luật:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
JudgeThẩm phán The judge carefully considered the evidence before making a ruling in the court case.
LawyerLuật sư She decided to become a lawyer because she wanted to advocate for justice and help those in need.
BarristerLuật sư bào chữa The barrister presented a strong case in the courtroom, using persuasive arguments and legal precedents.
MagistrateQuan toà sơ thẩm The magistrate listened to the testimonies of the witnesses and made a fair judgment in the case.
Solicitor Cố vấn pháp luật The solicitor provided legal guidance to her clients and helped them navigate through complex legal procedures.

3. Lĩnh vực Tài Chính – Kinh Tế:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
AccountantKế toánShe decided to hire an accountant to handle her tax filings and manage her financial records.
EconomistNhà kinh tế học Economists study economic trends and provide insights into market behavior.
Investment analystNhà phân tích đầu tư Investment analysts analyze market data and financial statements to assess investment opportunities.
Financial adviser Cố vấn tài chính The financial adviser helped his clients develop personalized financial plans to meet their long-term goals.
Actuary Chuyên viên thống kêActuaries play a crucial role in calculating insurance premiums and assessing the financial impact of potential risks.

4. Lĩnh vực Khoa Học – Đời Sống:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
Biologist Nhà sinh vật học The biologist conducted experiments to study the behavior of a particular species of birds.
Scientist Nhà khoa học The scientist made groundbreaking discoveries in the field of renewable energy.
ChemistNhà hoá học Chemists work in laboratories, conducting experiments and analyzing chemical reactions.
PhysicistNhà vật lý Physicists study the fundamental laws of nature and explore the properties of matter and energy.
Meteorologist Nhà khí tượng học Meteorologists play a vital role in monitoring and forecasting weather patterns and climate changes.

5. Lĩnh vực Nhà Hàng – Khách Sạn:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
Barista Nhân viên pha chế cà phêAs a barista, he enjoyed crafting specialty coffee drinks for customers.
Hotel porter Nhân viên vận chuyển hành lý The hotel porter assisted guests with their luggage upon arrival and departure.
Hotel manager Quản lý khách sạn The hotel manager oversaw the operations of the entire hotel, ensuring high-quality service and guest satisfaction.
Bouncer Bảo vệ The bouncer checked IDs and maintained security at the entrance of the nightclub.
Tourist guide Hướng dẫn viên du lịch The tourist guide provided interesting facts and anecdotes about the famous landmarks.

6. Lĩnh vực Vận Tải:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
Air traffic controllerKiểm soát viên không lưuAir traffic controllers play a crucial role in ensuring the safety and efficiency of air travel.
Baggage handlerNhân viên phụ trách bốc dỡ hành lýThe baggage handler carefully loaded and unloaded luggage onto the airplane.
Delivery personNhân viên giao hàngThe delivery person dropped off packages at various addresses throughout the city.
DockworkerCông nhân bốc xếp ở cảngThe dockworker unloaded crates and containers from the cargo ship.
ChauffeurTài xế riêngThe chauffeur drove the executive to important business meetings in a luxury car.

7. Collocations chủ đề nghề nghiệp và công việc:

Từ vựng Định nghĩa Ví dụ 
To be called for an interviewĐược gọi tới phỏng vấnAfter submitting my application, I was excited to be called for an interview with the company.
To be your own bossCó công việc kinh doanh riêngStarting my own business allowed me to be my own boss and have control over my work.
A dead-end jobMột công việc không có cơ hội thăng tiếnHe felt stuck in a dead-end job with no opportunities for growth or advancement.
To do a job-shareChia sẻ giờ làm việc hàng tuần với người khácThe two employees decided to do a job-share, allowing them to split their responsibilities and work part-time.
A good team playerNgười hợp tác tốt với người khác trong công việcShe is known for being a good team player, always willing to support and collaborate with her colleagues.

8. Bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 1 chủ đề nghề nghiệp:

Question: What is your current job?

Answer: I am currently working as a software engineer in a technology company.

Question: Why did you choose this profession?

Answer: I chose to become a software engineer because I have always had a passion for technology and problem-solving.

Question: What do you like most about your job?

Answer: What I like most about being a software engineer is the opportunity to work on innovative projects and see my ideas come to life.

Question: Are there any challenges in your profession?

Answer: One of the challenges in my profession as a software engineer is keeping up with the rapidly changing technology and constantly learning new skills.

Question: Would you recommend your profession to others? Why?

Answer: Yes, I would definitely recommend my profession as a software engineer because it offers great career opportunities, a chance to work on cutting-edge technologies, and a high demand in the job market.

Question: What do you hope to achieve in your career?

Answer: In my career as a software engineer, I hope to continue growing my skills and expertise, take on more challenging projects, and eventually lead a team of developers.

9. Bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 2 chủ đề nghề nghiệp:

Topic: Describe an interesting job or profession that you would like to have.

Example answer: If I had to choose an interesting job or profession, I would love to be a travel photographer. Being a travel photographer would allow me to combine my passion for photography and my love for exploring new places. I envision myself traveling to different countries, capturing stunning landscapes, diverse cultures, and fascinating moments. The idea of being able to document and share stories through my photographs is truly exciting to me. I imagine waking up to breathtaking sunrises, visiting iconic landmarks, and interacting with locals to capture the essence of each place. As a travel photographer, I would also have the opportunity to meet fellow adventurers and share experiences with like-minded individuals. It would be a dream come true to have my work published in travel magazines and inspire others to embark on their own adventures. However, I am aware that this profession requires dedication, patience, and a lot of hard work to establish oneself in the industry. Nonetheless, the possibility of combining my passion with my career and having the world as my workplace makes it an incredibly interesting job for me.

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