Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Bạn Bè (Friends)


Chủ đề Bạn Bè (Friends) là một trong những chủ đề thường xuất hiện trong kì thi IELTS. Việc ôn luyện bộ từ vựng thuộc chủ đề này là chìa khóa quan trọng giúp bạn đạt điểm cao trong kì thi sắp tới.

1. Danh từ về chủ đề Bạn Bè (Friends)

Close friend (n): bạn thân

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Emily and Jessica have been close friends since childhood.

Friendship (n): tình bạn

Mẫu câu ví dụ: The two men forged a friendship during the World Cup.

New friend (n): bạn mới

Mẫu câu ví dụ: I moved to a new city and joined a club where I made several new friends.

Soulmate (n): bạn tâm giao, tri kỷ

Mẫu câu ví dụ: After years of searching, John finally met his soulmate and they have been inseparable ever since.

Associate (n): bạn đồng liêu, người cùng cộng tác

Mẫu câu ví dụ: James has several business associates who have become good friends over the years.

Flatmate (n): bạn cùng phòng trọ

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Emily and her flatmate share household responsibilities, which has made living together much easier.

Comradeship (n): tình bạn, tình đồng chí

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Sarah and her colleagues share a strong comradeship, which helps them to work effectively as a team.

Companion (n) : bạn đồng hành, bầu bạn

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Mark and his business partner have a strong companionship built on mutual trust and respect.

Ally (n): đồng minh

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Michael and his coworkers formed an allyship to support each other during a difficult project.

Schoolmate (n): bạn cùng trường, bạn học

Mẫu câu ví dụ: In high school, Amy and her schoolmate shared many classes and extracurricular activities and developed a close schoolmate friendship.

2. Cụm từ về chủ đề tình bạn:

Make Friends: Kết bạn 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Children usually make friends more easily than adults.

Strike up a friendship: Kết bạn với ai đó 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: I’ve always found it easy to strike up a friendship on holidays.

A long-standing friendship: Tình bạn đã gắn bó lâu dài 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Tara and Mary shared a long-standing friendship although they haven’t seen each other very often.

Casual acquaintance: Bạn bè xã giao 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: I’ve known Paul for a few years but he’s nothing more than a casual acquaintance.

On friendly terms: Thân thiện với mọi người 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Celia was on friendly terms with all her colleagues.

Stand the test of time: Mối quan hệ lâu dài 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: If their friendship is true, it will stand the test of time and last forever.

Win someone’s trust: Tin tưởng vào ai đó 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: In order to get on friendly terms with someone, you need to win their trust first.

Develop a friendship: Phát triển mối quan hệ bạn bè 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Mira developed a friendship with Terry while they were working together.

Renew a friendship: Làm mới tình bạn 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: He was looking forward to renewing a friendship with his old school friend he hasn’t seen for years.

Spoil a friendship: Huỷ hoại tình bạn 

Mẫu câu ví dụ: I hope Mark’s occasional lack of empathy won’t spoil our friendship.

3. Idioms chủ đề Bạn bè

Get on well like a house on fire: khi bạn muốn nói ai đó trở thành bạn bè thân thiết một cách nhanh chóng

Mẫu câu ví dụ: They met at the party and instantly got on well like a house on fire, becoming close friends in no time.

Birds of a feather flock together: những người có cùng sở thích, cùng lý tưởng thì thường chơi chung với nhau

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Sarah and Emily both love painting, so it’s no surprise that they became friends quickly. Birds of a feather flock together.

Break the ice: hoạt động giúp những người chưa quen biết cảm thấy thư giãn và thoải mái với nhau hơn

Mẫu câu ví dụ: The team organized a game of charades to break the ice and help everyone relax and feel more comfortable with each other.

A friend in need is a friend indeed: người bạn giúp đỡ bạn trong lúc hoạn nạn khó khăn mới là người bạn tốt

Mẫu câu ví dụ: When I lost my job, Alex was there to support me emotionally and financially. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

Hate someone’s guts: Thật sự không ưa người nào

Mẫu câu ví dụ: I can’t stand John. I absolutely hate his guts.

A shoulder to cry on: Người cứ lắng nghe tâm sự của bạn

Mẫu câu ví dụ: After a rough day at work, Jane called her best friend Lisa. Lisa always lends a sympathetic ear and is a great shoulder to cry on.

Two peas in a pod: giống nhau như đúc

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Mark and Mike have been inseparable since they were kids. They are like two peas in a pod, always together.

A wolf in sheep’s clothing: sói đột lột cừu, ngoài mặt thì thân, bên trong thối nát

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Sarah thought her new neighbor was friendly and trustworthy, but he turned out to be a wolf in sheep’s clothing, deceiving everyone around him.

Build bridges: rút ngắn khoảng cách để trở nên thân thiết

Mẫu câu ví dụ: After their argument, Tom and Jerry decided to build bridges and reconcile their differences, working towards a stronger friendship.

Man’s best friend: chỉ động vật, thú cưng, người bạn thân thiết của con người

Mẫu câu ví dụ: Dogs are known as man’s best friend because they are loyal, loving, and always there for their owners, no matter what.

4. IELTS Speaking Part 2 chủ đề Bạn Bè (Friends)

  • Do you have many friends?
  • Answer: Yes, I am fortunate to have a good circle of friends. I have a few close friends whom I trust and rely on, and I also have a wider circle of acquaintances with whom I enjoy spending time.
  • What do you usually do with your friends?
  • Answer: My friends engage in various activities together. We often go out for movies, have meals at restaurants, go hiking or play sports. We also enjoy having game nights or just hanging out at someone’s place, chatting and sharing stories.
  • What qualities do you value in a friend?
  • Answer: In my opinion, loyalty, trustworthiness, and a good sense of humor are essential qualities in a friend. I value someone who is supportive, understanding, and can be relied upon in both good and bad times.
  • How do you make new friends?
  • Answer: Making new friends can be a gradual process, but I find that joining social clubs or participating in group activities related to my interests is a great way to meet new people. It helps to engage in conversations, show genuine interest, and be open-minded.
  • Are friends more important than family?
  • Answer: Both friends and family play significant roles in our lives, but I believe that the importance of each can vary depending on individual circumstances. Friends provide a different kind of support and companionship, while family offers a deeper connection and a sense of belonging.
  • How has social media affected friendships?
  • Answer: Social media has had both positive and negative impacts on friendships. On one hand, it allows us to stay connected with friends who live far away and facilitates easy communication. However, excessive use of social media can sometimes lead to superficial relationships and reduced face-to-face interactions.
  • What are the benefits of having friends from different cultures?
  • Answer: Having friends from different cultures is a wonderful opportunity to learn about different perspectives, traditions, and customs. It promotes cultural awareness, broadens one’s horizons, and fosters tolerance and understanding among diverse communities.
  • Do you think it’s important to have friends at work?
  • Answer: Yes, having friends at work can create a positive and supportive work environment. It helps in reducing stress, improving collaboration, and enhancing overall job satisfaction. Additionally, friends at work can provide a sense of camaraderie and make the workday more enjoyable.

5. IELTS Writing Part 2 chủ đề Bạn Bè (Friends):

Task 2 Question: 

Some people believe that friends are the most influential factor in shaping one’s personality, while others argue that family plays a more significant role. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Example answer: 

In the process of personal development, friends and family both have a substantial impact on shaping an individual’s personality. While some argue that friends are the most influential factor, others contend that family plays a more significant role. In my opinion, both friends and family contribute uniquely to a person’s character development.

On one hand, friends can have a profound influence on an individual’s personality. During adolescence and early adulthood, peers become more influential as individuals seek to establish their identities. Friends often share common interests, values, and experiences, and this camaraderie can shape a person’s behavior and attitudes. For instance, teenagers may adopt similar fashion styles or hobbies as their friends in an effort to fit in or be accepted. Moreover, friends can offer valuable support and guidance, providing a sense of belonging and helping individuals navigate various life challenges.

On the other hand, family plays a vital role in shaping one’s personality. Family members, especially parents, have a significant influence on a person’s values, beliefs, and moral compass. They are often responsible for imparting essential life lessons, teaching principles of honesty, empathy, and responsibility. Furthermore, family bonds tend to be deeper and more enduring than friendships, as family members are often present throughout an individual’s life journey. This constant presence and emotional connection can shape a person’s identity, providing a foundation for their character.

In conclusion, from my perspective, both friends and family are influential in shaping one’s personality, but their roles differ in various stages of life. During adolescence and early adulthood, friends often have a stronger impact as individuals seek peer acceptance and develop their sense of self. However, as individuals mature and enter different life stages, the influence of family becomes more prominent, as they offer support and guidance through life’s challenges.

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