Việc hiểu và sử dụng từ vựng IELTS chủ đề môi trường (environment) là một phần quan trọng để thành công trong kỳ thi IELTS. Với môi trường (environment) trở thành một chủ đề quan trọng và phổ biến, nắm vững từ vựng liên quan đến môi trường không chỉ giúp bạn nâng cao điểm số của mình mà còn cung cấp cho bạn kiến thức sâu về vấn đề quan trọng này. Trong bài viết này, chúng ta sẽ tìm hiểu một số từ vựng IELTS chủ đề môi trường quan trọng và cách sử dụng chúng một cách hiệu quả.
1. Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề môi trường Environment hay gặp
Cause of environmental problems (Các nguyên nhân gây ra vấn đề về môi trường)
- Exhaust gas (Khí thải gas):
- The exhaust gas emitted from vehicles contributes to air pollution and environmental degradation.
- Fossil fuels (Nhiên liệu hóa thạch):
- The burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to global warming.
- Carbon emissions (Khí thải carbon):
- The industrial sector is one of the major sources of carbon emissions, leading to climate change and its associated impacts.
- Illegal dumping (Xả rác trái quy định):
- The authorities are taking strict actions to combat illegal dumping of waste, as it poses a serious threat to the environment and public health.
- Habitat destruction (Phá hủy môi trường sống tự nhiên):
- Deforestation and urbanization result in habitat destruction, leading to the loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystems.
- Intensive farming (Canh tác quá mức):
- Intensive farming practices often involve the excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers, which can have negative impacts on soil quality and water resources.
- Overpopulation (Bùng nổ dân số):
- Overpopulation puts immense pressure on natural resources, leading to increased demand for food, water, and energy.
- Overgrazing (Chăn thả quá mức):
- Overgrazing by livestock can lead to soil erosion and degradation, compromising the productivity and sustainability of the land.
Types of environment pollution (Các loại ô nhiễm môi trường)
Global warming (Sự nóng lên toàn cầu):
The Earth’s rising temperatures and changing weather patterns are clear indicators of global warming caused by human activities.
Climate change (Biến đổi khí hậu):
Climate change is resulting in more frequent and severe weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, and heat waves.
Carbon footprint (Dấu chân carbon):
By reducing our carbon footprint through energy-efficient practices and using renewable energy sources, we can contribute to mitigating climate change.
Greenhouse gases (Khí thải nhà kính):
Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, trap heat in the atmosphere and contribute to the greenhouse effect.
The greenhouse effect (Hiệu ứng nhà kính):
The greenhouse effect is the process by which certain gases in the atmosphere trap heat and warm the Earth’s surface.
Temperatures soar (Sự tăng nhiệt độ, sự nóng lên):
During the summer heatwave, temperatures soar to record-breaking levels, posing risks to human health and the environment.
Natural disaster (Thảm họa thiên nhiên):
Floods, earthquakes, and hurricanes are examples of natural disasters that can cause immense destruction and loss of life.
Soil degradation (Xói mòn đất):
Uncontrolled deforestation and intensive agriculture practices can lead to soil degradation, making it less fertile and prone to erosion.
Ozone layer depletion (Suy thoái tầng ozone, thủng tầng ozone):
The use of certain chemicals, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), has led to the depletion and thinning of the ozone layer, allowing harmful ultraviolet rays to reach the Earth’s surface.
Endangered species (Sinh vật đứng gần bờ vực tuyệt chủng):
The loss of habitat and poaching are major threats to endangered species such as tigers, rhinos, and elephants.
Air pollution (Ô nhiễm không khí):
Rapid industrialization and an increase in vehicle emissions have contributed to severe air pollution in urban areas.
Environmental pollution (Ô nhiễm môi trường):
Environmental pollution, including air, water, and soil pollution, has detrimental effects on ecosystems and biodiversity.
Marine pollution (Ô nhiễm đại dương):
The irresponsible disposal of plastic waste has led to widespread marine pollution, endangering marine life and ecosystems.
Water pollution (Ô nhiễm nguồn nước):
Industrial waste and improper sewage treatment contribute to water pollution, making freshwater sources unsafe for drinking and aquatic life.
Industrial pollution (Ô nhiễm công nghiệp):
Uncontrolled industrial activities often result in industrial pollution, releasing harmful chemicals and pollutants into the air, water, and soil.
Noise pollution (Ô nhiễm tiếng ồn):
Noise pollution regulations are necessary to protect individuals from excessive noise levels and maintain a peaceful living environment.
Vehicle pollution (Ô nhiễm phương tiện):
The increasing number of vehicles on the road contributes to vehicle pollution, releasing harmful pollutants such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere.
Soil pollution (Ô nhiễm đất):
Improper waste disposal, use of pesticides, and industrial activities can lead to soil pollution, degrading the quality and fertility of agricultural land.
Solution (Các biện pháp của chính phủ và biện pháp cá nhân )
Replace gasoline-fueled cars with zero-emissions vehicles:
To minimize environmental pollution, we should replace gasoline-fueled cars with zero-emissions vehicles.
Install pollution control devices:
Installing pollution control devices is an effective way to reduce the negative impact on the environment.
Take public transportation instead of driving a car:
Using public transportation instead of driving a car helps reduce pollution and traffic congestion.
Adopt laws to regulate emissions:
We need to adopt laws to regulate emissions in order to protect the environment and public health.
The green movement:
The green movement is spreading worldwide, aiming to enhance awareness and take action to protect the environment.
Recycling waste or planting a tree in their garden:
Recycling waste or planting a tree in their garden are small yet impactful actions for the environment.
Develop renewable energy:
Developing renewable energy is a crucial solution to reduce reliance on fossil fuels
Choose products with less packaging:
Opting for products with minimal packaging helps minimize plastic waste and resource consumption.
Take action on global warming:
We need to take action to combat global warming and safeguard the future of our planet.
2. Collocations thường gặp chủ đề môi trường (Environment)
Natural resources (Tài nguyên tự nhiên): Natural resources such as water, minerals, and forests are essential for the well-being of both humans and ecosystems.
Conservation (Bảo tồn): Conservation efforts aim to protect and preserve natural habitats and wildlife, ensuring their long-term survival.
Sustainability (Bền vững): Sustainability involves meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Ecosystem (Hệ sinh thái): The Amazon rainforest is a complex ecosystem that supports a wide variety of plant and animal species.
Ecological footprint (Dấu chân sinh thái): Your ecological footprint represents the impact you have on the environment in terms of resource consumption and waste production.
Carbon footprint (Dấu chân carbon): Reducing our carbon footprint by using public transportation or practicing energy conservation helps combat climate change.
Renewable energy (Năng lượng tái tạo): Solar power, wind energy, and hydroelectric power are examples of renewable energy sources that have a lower environmental impact compared to fossil fuels.
Solar power (Năng lượng mặt trời): Solar power harnesses energy from the sun to generate electricity or heat water, providing a clean and sustainable energy option.
Wind energy (Năng lượng gió): Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of wind into electricity, making wind energy a clean and renewable power source.
Hydroelectric power (Năng lượng thủy điện): Hydroelectric power is generated by harnessing the energy of flowing or falling water, such as rivers or waterfalls.
Biomass (Nguyên liệu sinh học): Biomass refers to organic matter, such as plant material or agricultural waste, which can be used as a renewable energy source.
Recycling (Tái chế): Recycling involves collecting and processing waste materials to create new products, reducing the need for raw materials and minimizing environmental impact.
Composting (Phân hủy sinh học): Composting is the process of decomposing organic waste, such as food scraps or yard trimmings, into nutrient-rich soil that can be used for gardening or agriculture.
Sustainable development (Phát triển bền vững): Sustainable development aims to balance economic growth with social progress and environmental protection, ensuring a better future for all.
Environmental awareness (Nhận thức môi trường): Increasing environmental awareness through education and outreach programs helps individuals understand and address environmental issues.
Greenwashing (Tẩy xanh): Greenwashing refers to misleading marketing or advertising practices that make a product or company appear more environmentally friendly than it actually is.
Ozone depletion (Sự suy giảm lớp ozon): The release of ozone-depleting substances, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), contributes to the thinning of the ozone layer in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Endangered species (Các loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng): Endangered species are at risk of extinction due to factors like habitat loss, pollution, and illegal wildlife trade.
Habitat loss (Mất môi trường sống): Habitat loss occurs when natural environments, such as forests or wetlands, are destroyed or degraded, threatening the survival of many species.
Pollution control (Kiểm soát ô nhiễm): Efforts to control pollution involve implementing regulations and practices to reduce or eliminate harmful pollutants from entering the environment.
Carbon emissions (Khí thải carbon): The government has implemented policies to reduce carbon emissions from factories and power plants.
Environmental impact (Tác động môi trường): The construction of the new highway will have a significant environmental impact on the surrounding ecosystems.
Sustainable practices (Thực hành bền vững): Implementing sustainable practices, such as water conservation and waste reduction, can significantly reduce our ecological footprint.
Conservation efforts (Nỗ lực bảo tồn): The national park has dedicated rangers and volunteers who work tirelessly in conservation efforts to protect endangered species.
Eco-friendly products (Sản phẩm thân thiện với môi trường): Many consumers are switching to eco-friendly products, such as biodegradable packaging and organic cleaning supplies.
Pollution prevention (Phòng ngừa ô nhiễm): Many consumers are switching to eco-friendly products, such as biodegradable packaging and organic cleaning supplies
Biodiversity conservation (Bảo tồn đa dạng sinh học): The establishment of protected areas and wildlife sanctuaries plays a crucial role in biodiversity conservation.
Waste management (Quản lý chất thải): Effective waste management practices, including recycling and composting, can divert a significant amount of waste from landfills.
Green initiatives (Sáng kiến xanh): The government has launched green initiatives to incentivize the adoption of renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies.