Việc nắm vững từ vựng IELTS chủ đề sức khỏe là một phần quan trọng trong việc chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi IELTS. Đối với những ai đang luyện thi IELTS, việc hiểu và sử dụng chính xác từ ngữ liên quan đến sức khỏe có thể giúp tăng điểm số và cải thiện khả năng giao tiếp. Trong bài viết này, chúng ta sẽ tìm hiểu một số từ vựng IELTS quan trọng trong lĩnh vực sức khỏe và cách áp dụng chúng.
1. Bệnh tật và triệu chứng (Diseases and Symptoms)
Cảm lạnh (common cold): A viral infection that affects the nose and throat, causing symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, and a runny nose.
Example: I have a common cold and I’m experiencing symptoms like a cough and a runny nose.
Đau đầu (headache): A continuous pain in the head, which can be caused by various factors.
Example: I often suffer from headaches after working long hours.
Sốt (fever): An increase in body temperature, often indicating an underlying infection or illness.
Example: She has a high fever and needs to rest.
2. Các bệnh lý thông thường (Common Medical Conditions)
Tiểu đường (diabetes): A chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels due to the body’s inability to produce or use insulin effectively.
Example: My friend has diabetes and needs to control their diet.
Huyết áp cao (high blood pressure): A condition in which the force of blood against the artery walls is too high, potentially leading to heart disease or stroke.
Example: My grandparents have high blood pressure and need regular medical check-ups.
Ung thư (cancer): A group of diseases characterized by the abnormal growth of cells that can invade and spread to other parts of the body.
Example: Cancer is a dangerous disease and needs to be detected and treated early.
3. Triệu chứng và cảm giác (Symptoms and Sensations)
Mệt mỏi (fatigue): A feeling of extreme tiredness or exhaustion.
Example: I feel fatigued all day after a long day of work.
Đau nhức (aching): A dull, continuous pain in a specific part of the body.
Example: I have an aching pain in my back after exercising.
Buồn nôn (nausea): A sensation of unease and the urge to vomit.
Example: The turbulent train ride made me feel nauseous.
4. Thói quen không lành mạnh (Unhealthy habits)
eating disorder (rối loạn tiêu hóa):
Eating disorders are serious mental health conditions characterized by abnormal eating habits and attitudes towards food.”
narcotic (chất gây nghiện bị cấm):
Narcotics are drugs that have strong analgesic effects and are often used for pain relief, but they can also be highly addictive and are classified as controlled substances.
fast/processed foods (thực phẩm nhanh/ chế biến):
Fast foods are convenience foods that are typically prepared quickly and easily, often containing high levels of calories, unhealthy fats, and sodium.
junk food (đồ ăn vặt):
Junk food refers to highly processed, calorie-dense foods that are low in nutritional value, such as chips, candies, and sugary beverages.
taking drugs (sử dụng ma túy):
Taking drugs refers to the use of substances, such as illegal drugs or prescription medications, for recreational or non-medical purposes.”
chronic disease (Bệnh mãn tính):
Chronic diseases are long-term conditions that often progress slowly and persist for an extended period, such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.”
sedentary lifestyles (lối sống thụ động):
Sedentary lifestyles refer to a lack of physical activity and prolonged periods of sitting or inactivity.
highly addictive ingredients (các thành phần gây nghiện cao):
Highly addictive ingredients are substances that have a strong potential to cause addiction and dependence, such as nicotine, caffeine, and certain drugs.
excessive consumption of… (việc tiêu thụ quá mức…):
Excessive consumption of [specific food or substance] refers to consuming an unusually large amount beyond what is considered a healthy or recommended intake.
5. Thói quen sức khỏe lành mạnh (Lifestyle)
balanced diet (chế độ ăn uống cân bằng, điều độ):
Maintaining a balanced diet is essential for overall health and well-being.
organic food (thực phẩm hữu cơ):
Many people choose organic food because it is grown without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers.
intense workout (tập luyện cường độ cao):
Engaging in intense workouts can help improve strength, endurance, and cardiovascular fitness.
stay hydrated (giữ cơ thể ko mất nước):
It’s important to stay hydrated by drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day.
health-conscious (quan tâm đến sức khoẻ):
Being health-conscious means making conscious choices that prioritize one’s physical and mental well-being.
have regular check-ups (đi khám định kỳ):
It is recommended to have regular check-ups with a healthcare professional to monitor your health and detect any potential issues early.
disease prevention (phòng chống bệnh tật):
Disease prevention involves taking proactive measures to reduce the risk of developing certain illnesses or conditions.
optimistic mindset (tư tưởng lạc quan):
Having an optimistic mindset can positively impact mental well-being and help individuals cope with challenges and setbacks.
speed up my metabolism (tăng cường trao đổi chất):
There are various ways to speed up metabolism, such as regular exercise, consuming protein-rich foods, and staying hydrated.
eat fresh fruit and vegetables (ăn rau quả tươi):
Incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet provides essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber.
to limit sugar intake (hạn chế lượng đường nạp vào):
To promote a healthy diet, it is important to limit the consumption of foods and beverages that are high in added sugars.
6. Collocation về chủ đề sức khỏe
prevention is better than cure (phòng bệnh hơn chữa bệnh)
Prevention is better than cure, so it is important to prioritize preventive measures to maintain good health.
burden on society (gánh nặng cho xã hội)
The burden on society caused by the increasing healthcare costs is a pressing issue that needs to be addressed.
upgrade medical competency (nâng cao tay nghề của y bác sĩ)
The government should invest in programs to upgrade the medical competency of healthcare professionals to ensure high-quality patient care.
reduce personal financial stress (giảm áp lực lên tài chính cá nhân)
Implementing effective financial planning strategies can help reduce personal financial stress and provide a sense of security.
easy organization of activities and campaigns (tổ chức các hoạt động và chiến dịch dễ dàng)
With proper systems in place, the easy organization of activities and campaigns becomes feasible and efficient.
to alleviate (the) pain/symptoms (giảm đau, giảm triệu chứng)
The use of medication can alleviate pain and symptoms associated with certain medical conditions.
to reduce one’s stress levels (giảm bớt mức độ căng thẳng)
Engaging in regular exercise and practicing relaxation techniques can help reduce one’s stress levels and promote overall well-being.
to take the full responsibility (chịu toàn bộ trách nhiệm)
It is important for individuals to take the full responsibility for their actions and choices that impact their health.
to lead a sedentary lifestyle (để có lối sống ít vận động)
Leading a sedentary lifestyle with minimal physical activity can have detrimental effects on one’s health and well-being.
to reduce meat intake (giảm lượng thịt)
To promote a healthier lifestyle, it is advisable to reduce meat intake and incorporate more plant-based options into the diet.
the prevalence of fast food and processed food (việc thịnh hành của thức ăn nhanh và các thức ăn được chế biến sẵn).
The prevalence of fast food and processed food in modern society has contributed to the rise in diet-related health issues.
7. Câu hỏi IELTS Speaking chủ đề sức khỏe
1. How do you keep yourself healthy?
I prioritize my health through a combination of regular exercise and mindful eating. Engaging in activities like jogging and yoga keeps me physically fit, while consuming a diverse range of nutrient-rich foods ensures a balanced diet. Additionally, I make sure to get enough sleep and stay hydrated throughout the day.
2. Do you think you have a balanced diet?
Yes, I believe I maintain a balanced diet. I emphasize consuming whole grains, lean proteins, and a variety of fruits and vegetables. I limit processed foods and opt for healthier cooking methods. This approach helps me meet my nutritional needs and maintain my overall well-being.
3. How do you manage stress in life?
To manage stress, I engage in relaxation techniques such as meditation and deep breathing exercises. I also maintain a healthy work-life balance, prioritize self-care activities, and spend quality time with loved ones. Regular exercise and pursuing hobbies help me relieve stress and stay mentally resilient.
4. Do you have any unhealthy habits?
Thankfully, I don’t have any unhealthy habits. I consciously avoid smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and consuming sugary or processed foods in excess. Instead, I focus on maintaining a wholesome lifestyle that promotes long-term health and well-being.
5. In what ways do you try to stay healthy?
I adopt various strategies to stay healthy. Along with regular exercise and a balanced diet, I prioritize regular health check-ups, practice good hygiene, and maintain a positive mindset. I also seek opportunities for personal growth, engage in meaningful relationships, and take breaks to relax and recharge.
6. Is it easy to keep fit where you live?
Yes, it is relatively easy to keep fit where I live. There are well-maintained parks, fitness centers, and recreational facilities. Additionally, my community promotes an active lifestyle through organized sports events and fitness programs. Access to fresh produce and health-conscious food options also facilitates healthy eating habits.
7. What do you think is more important, eating healthy or doing exercise?
Both eating healthy and doing exercise are crucial for overall well-being, but if I were to prioritize one, I believe eating healthy is more important. A balanced and nutritious diet provides the foundation for good health, while exercise complements it by improving physical fitness and mental well-being. Both aspects should be integrated to achieve optimal health and a harmonious lifestyle.
Part 2: Describe a piece of advice about health that you find useful
You should say:
→ What it is
→ Where you got it
→ When we should apply it
And why you find it useful
One valuable piece of health advice that I find useful is to “listen to your body.” This advice emphasizes the importance of paying attention to the signals and needs of our own bodies. I came across this advice during a conversation with a close friend who is a fitness enthusiast and certified nutritionist.
The advice suggests that we should tune in to our body’s cues, such as feelings of hunger, fatigue, and pain, and respond to them accordingly. It encourages us to understand and respect our body’s limitations and to make choices that promote overall well-being.
This advice is especially relevant in today’s fast-paced world, where we often neglect our own needs and push ourselves beyond our limits. By listening to our bodies, we can make informed decisions about rest, nutrition, and exercise. For instance, if we feel tired and drained, it’s a sign that we need to prioritize rest and relaxation. On the other hand, if we experience hunger pangs, it’s a cue to nourish ourselves with healthy and nutritious food.
Applying this advice requires mindfulness and self-awareness. It means slowing down and taking the time to assess how we feel physically, mentally, and emotionally. It encourages us to establish a strong mind-body connection and make choices that align with our individual needs and goals.
In my own experience, practicing this advice has had a significant impact on my well-being. By listening to my body, I have been able to identify and address issues early on, whether it’s adjusting my diet, modifying my exercise routine, or seeking professional help when necessary. It has helped me find a balance between pushing myself and taking care of my overall health.
In conclusion, the advice to “listen to your body” is invaluable. It promotes self-awareness, encourages a holistic approach to health, and empowers individuals to make informed choices. By applying this advice, we can prioritize our well-being and lead healthier, more fulfilling lives.